Mindfulness-based interventions include therapies such as behavioral activation, hypnosis, and relaxation techniques. Factors considered include the following: After two weeks of treatment, spasticity was 2 and 1 for the left and right lower limbs, respectively. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. There are very few drugs you have to take, unless they're essential for the preservation of life.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Add to My Bibliography. Didn't get the message? Generate a file for use with external citation management software. Trigeminal neuralgia can usually be treated with medications such as anti-seizure agents. Conventional therapy is moderately effective and includes, among others, a variety of anticonvulsant medications.
These may include heat, massage, ultrasound, evaluation of gait and seating by a physical therapist, and treatments for spasticity. Acupuncture has been studied as a possible therapy for a number of MS symptoms. Even medications can sometimes cause painful side effects such as injection-site reactions, steroid-induced osteoporosis, and degenerative joint disease. Abstract The use of a recently released anticonvulsant, gabapentin, in the treatment of spasticity in two patients with multiple sclerosis is reported.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Chronic pain can become a quality-of-life issue, affecting not only how you feel, but also how you live your life. Supplemental Content Full text links.
If pain continues despite treatment, clients should ask to be referred to a pain center, specifically one that is experienced with treating individuals with MS and can offer a team approach. Routine use of strong opioids in MS was not recommended.
Mild to moderate side effects were observed. If I can stop taking them once this stupid relapse passes, then I'll carry on as she sees fit. Satisfactory release of spasticity with significant improvement of functional outcome was noted in both cases.
An evaluation to pinpoint the source of the pain is essential. Factors considered include the following:.